Evidence Based Medicine
So what is evidenced based medicine?
Evidence based medicine (EBM) is the conscientious, explicit, judicious and reasonable use of modern, best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. EBM integrates clinical experience and patient values with the best available research information. Below is a just some of the current studies on the use of electrical microcurrent therapy.
Frequency Specific Microcurrent in Pain Management, Textbook for practitioners, Carolyn McMakin, Elsevier Science Press, 2011.
Non-pharmacologic treatment of shingles, McMakin C, Practical Pain Management, 2010, Vol 10; 4; 24-29.
Non-pharmacologic treatment of neuropathic pain using frequency-specific microcurrent, McMakin, C, The Pain Practitioner, Fall, 2010, pp 68-73.
Visceral and Somatic Disorders: Tissue softening with frequency-specific microcurrent, McMakin CR, Oschman JL, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2012, Vol. 18, Number 00, pp 1-8.
The efficacy of frequency-specific microcurrent therapy on delayed onset muscle soreness, Curtis D, Fallows S, Morris M, McMakin C, Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies; 2010; 14 (3): 272-9.
Bennett GJ. Neuroimmune interaction in painful peripheral
neuropathy. Clin J Pain
. 2000;16(3 Suppl):S139-D143.
Zieglgänsberger W, Berthele A, Tölle TR. Understanding
CNS Spectr. 2005;10(4):298-308.
Tal M. A role for inflammation in chronic pain.
Curr Rev Pain.
Reilly WG, Reeve VE, Quinn C, McMakin C. Anti-inflammatory
effects of interferential frequency specific applied microcurrent.
Sydney, Australia: Proceedings of the Australian Health and Medical
Research Congress; February 2004.
Waxman SG, Cummins TR, Dib-Hajj SD, Black JA. Voltage-gated
sodium channels and the molecular pathogenesis of pain: a review.
J Rehabil Res Dev. 2000;37(5):517-528.
Curtis D, Fallows S, Morris M, McMakin C. The efficacy of
frequency specific microcurrent therapy on delayed onset muscle
J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2010;14(3):272-279.
Cheng N, Van Hoof H, Bockx E, et al. The effect of electric currents
on ATP generation, protein synthesis, and membrane transport in
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1982;171:264-272.
Butler DS, Gifford LS. The concept of adverse mechanical tension in
the nervous system. Part 1: Testing for “dural tension.”
Huckfeldt R, Mikkelson D, Larson K, et al. The use of micro current
and autocatalytic silver plated nylon dressings in human burn
patients: A feasibility study. Maui, Hawaii: Proceedings of John
Boswick Burn and Wound Symposium; February 21, 2003.
Lennox AJ, Shafer JP, Hatcher M, et al. Pilot study for impedance
controlled microcurrent therapy for managing radiation induced
fibrosis in head-and-neck cancer patients.
Int J Radiation Oncol Biol